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3 Secrets to Perfectly Clean Wine Glasses

3 Secrets to Perfectly Clean Wine Glasses

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Say goodbye to water spots and smudges on your stemware forever.

With Easter and Passover around the corner, it’s a safe bet you’re going to be breaking out the nice glasses soon. But nothing ruins a good toast like streaks and water spots that make your stemware look dirty even when it’s not. Wine glasses can be tough to clean and worse, if you don’t do it properly, odors can penetrate the crystal and interfere with the aroma and flavor of the wine you so painstakingly selected.

We asked Maximilian J. Riedel, managing director of the renowned glassware manufacturer Riedel, the best way to keep your stemware sparkling, and it turns out, it’s easier than you’d imagine.

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Put them in the dishwasher. No, really.

Lots of fine crystal has traditionally had gold rims or other decorations that prevented them from being machine washable, and that reputation stuck. But Riedel glasses lack those extras, so there’s no need to avoid this shortcut. But you can take the following steps to optimize your machine’s performance:

  • Wash stemware on its own to minimize the risk that a stray pot or knife could crack a glass.
  • Use the air dry setting. It may leave a water mark you have to polish out (see below), but heat drying can dull glasses over time due to miniscule detergent particles in the steam.
  • Make sure your dishwasher has been serviced recently. Dishwashers have moving parts and more importantly, wet ones, which can leave trace odors behind. But if everything’s in good working order, your stemware shouldn’t smell.

Or hand wash them, if you prefer.

It can be more convenient if you don’t have a lot of glasses, or have oversized glasses that won’t fit in a standard dishwasher.

  • Focus on the outside and rim of the glass. The inside of a glass is rarely dirty, says Riedel, but you can swirl a little warm water and dish detergent in it if you prefer.
  • Any detergent will work as long as you rinse thoroughly. And you don’t need more than a drop. In fact, some purists don’t even use soap on their glasses at all.
  • Hold it, preferably low in the sink in case of slippage, by the bowl, never the stem. A twisting movement can snap it right off.

Then dry the right way.

No matter what method you use, water spots are likely, and the only way to tackle them is to gently polish the glass as you dry it.

  • Use a microfiber towel, not a cotton one. These cloths (think of a larger version of the cloth you get to clean your eyeglasses or sunglasses) don’t leave trace fibers behind. Riedel’s version is $16, washable, and reuseable, and will remove streaks and grease like lipstick stains.
  • Use two cloths to hold the glass to avoid leaving fingerprints behind.
  • Steam your glass before polishing. Hold it above a boiling teapot (careful not to burn your fingers) just enough to get the glass steamed up, then polish. You’ll know you’re done when no steam remains, and your glasses will shine. Brilliant!

Bonus: How to Clean Your Decanter

If you decant your wine, you know getting inside these often-curvaceous containers can be tricky. A few tips:

  • Once you empty a decanter, rinse it with warm water, no soap (remember, no one’s lips have touched this vessel, and alcohol is a natural disinfectant). If you can’t get to it immediately, leave it filled with warm water overnight to prevent red wine from staining the glass.
  • Dry the parts you can reach with a microfiber cloth as you would a wineglass. For hard-to-reach spots, you can use Riedel’s decanter beads, which are designed to remove stubborn stains, or, for the truly fastidious, a hair dryer to prevent water spots and streaks.

Choose well. The best chocolate for melting contains 32% or higher cocoa butter. Here&aposs why. All chocolate will melt, but not all chocolate melts the same. Some lose sheen and become chalky looking when they resolidify. That might not matter if you&aposre melting chocolate for fondue, but if you want to make chocolate covered strawberries, for example, you want a chocolate that stays glossy when it hardens — a chocolate with a high cocoa butter content. Top quality semisweet and bittersweet chocolates are good choices. The best choice is couverture, which is favored by candy-making pros.

Stay small. Chocolate comes in solid bars or small chips. If you&aposre using chocolate bars, chop them into uniform pieces so they&aposll melt evenly. Chocolate chips are already the ideal size for melting.

Stay dry. Moisture ruins melted chocolate, so be sure to wipe਍own everything the chocolate may touch. And don&apost let even a tiny drop of water get into your chocolate if you&aposre dipping fruit, be sure to pat it dry before dipping it into the chocolate. When you&aposre stirring chocolate, use a rubber or silicone spoon instead of a wooden spoon. Wooden spoons can retain moisture, which will cause the chocolate to seize up and turn clumpy. (Try this $9 Bed Bath & Beyond best-seller.)

Stay low. High heat will scorch your chocolate. Low and slow is the way to go.

Learn how to choose the right kind of chocolate to use for your recipe.

How Aldi Makes Award-Winning Cheap Wine

We've got all the secrets behind their seemingly impossible bottles.

In the last year, we&aposve watched in astonishment as crazy-affordable wines-from the shelves of Target, Costco and Walmart-racked up international awards and accolades from vintners. But the bottle that really sent wine lovers into a frenzy was Aldi&aposs acclaimed $8 rosé. That blush bottle beat out hundreds of others at the International Wine Challenge, where it took home the silver medal overall.

Though maybe we shouldn&apost be so surprised: for years, fans have sworn by the German grocery chain&aposs exclusive brands for consistent high quality and low price points. But when it comes to wine, we&aposve always thought a more expensive bottle would pour better glasses. After an inside look at some of the company&aposs partner wineries, now we know better. Here are all of Aldi&aposs secrets to making the best wine possible with such pocket-friendly prices-plus the incredible new bottles you need to look out for.

New Bottles You Need Right Now

Aldi and one of its wine-making partners, Precept, have created small batches of "Lot Series" wines that will be on offer for a limited time as part of the "Aldi Finds" program. Catch them this month and be sure to stock up they may not last long on shelves. (Seriously, bring any one of these to the holiday dinner table and you&aposll look ultra-sophisticated without even trying-or spending much.)

Straight from 45-year-old vines in Spain, the grapes for this bottle are entirely hand-picked. A bright, red fruit flavor up front is followed by a barely there oak-spiced finish.

This vibrant rendition of Washington State cabernet bursts with blackberry and red currant flavors, but is balanced by a dry and velvety end note.

This slightly smoky malbec is so smooth it sips like silk. Slight hints of dark plum and vanilla add richness and an inviting, cozy feeling to every glass.

Bursting with bright green apple and citrus notes, this effervescent bottle is crafted using the traditional méthode champenoise from France and tastes as refreshing alone as it does with orange juice during brunch.

But How Does Aldi Keep All This Wine So Affordable?

1. It Owns Its Own Land and Fruit

Aldi&aposs wine partners own their vineyards outright. This means the company isn&apost paying any overhead on the land or fruit needed to create high-quality wines. For example, some grape varieties can cost up to $3,000 per ton on the market, while it only costs about $900 to produce yourself on site. This keeps the price of every bottle dramatically lower than for vintners who purchase grapes from other growers.

2. It Takes "Location, Location, Location" Seriously

Before choosing to partner with brands like Precept, the Pacific Northwest&aposs largest private wine label, Aldi did its research. Washington state produces consistently high-quality wine year after year because of its desert-like climate. With extremely warm temperatures during the day and a steep dip at night, areas like the Yakima Valley allow grapes to develop both sugary flesh and stronger skins, which provides more concentrated juice and perfectly balances every single bottle. What&aposs more, an extra two hours of sunlight each day means fruit can ripen on all sides of the sloping landscapes (north, south, east, west) and at nearly any elevation. These constants yield reliably good grapes-and even better wine-every season, which means prices never need to waver.

3. It Cuts Unnecessary Production Costs

Aldi strategically partners with winemakers who make the most of what is available to them. By opting for machine pickers over grueling hand-picking, a single vineyard can harvest 300 tons of grapes at once, saving an immense amount of both time and labor. And that savings trickle all the way down to your wallet.

4. The Buyers Are Dedicated to Good Deals

According to an Aldi representative, a whopping 90 percent of the store&aposs wine aisle is priced under $10. At the very bottom, bottles can cost just $3 while peak price points hover between $15 and $20. This is because most consumers look for bottles under $20. Aldi&aposs wine buyers understand this and make it their mission to hunt down (and taste firsthand!) the best-quality bottles below that price tag.

More Affordable Bottles

If you&aposre looking for even more wine options for your holiday dinner party, check out these other amazingly cheap but delicious bottles from some of your favorite retailers.

Find this creamy yet crisp white at Costco. Its balanced acidity and fresh pear notes make it bright and refreshing during a heavy winter meal.

While widely available at many retailers, this insanely affordable bottle is just $7 at Trader Joe&aposs. The super-smooth mix of shiraz, cabernet sauvignon and grenache from Australia is sure to please a crowd.

Although slightly pricier than the under-single-digit set, this bottle from Costco is aged in stainless steel rather than oak for a supremely clean finish of zesty lemon and white floral notes.

Unbelievably priced, this cherry-tinged and slightly oaky cabernet pairs best with juicy roasts, meaty stews and rich sauces. Pick up two or three bottles at Target to get your holiday party started.

2. DIY Dawn Dishwashing Bubbles

This bubble recipe is great and really makes wonderful bubbles. Glycerin or corn syrup helps the bubbles to stay strong and this is a great opportunity to teach your kids about science. Kids love bubbles – and many adults do, too – and this recipe is really easy and makes super strong bubbles that you can do in any number of sizes. Forget about buying bubbles in the store. Just make your own with your Dawn dish soap.

12 Things a Good Host Should Never Ever Do

Whether you’ve invited family to stay over for the weekend or you’re hosting friends for cocktails, avoiding these faux-pas will earn you a blue ribbon in hospitality.

1. Overlook Your Guests&apos Needs: The most fundamental task of your role as a host is to please your guests and ensure that everyone is enjoying themselves. Thus, heeding your guests’ various personal needs is essential—within reason, of course, since you can’t be everything for everyone. If grandma likes to head to bed early, find her a quiet room to sleep away from the commotion. If you have a vegetarian at dinner, ensure the menu is well-rounded.

2. Settle For Basic: Hosting guests is always cause for a celebration. Step up your normal routine a notch, so the occasion doesn’t feel like every day. Pull out the fine silver. Have your florist make a beautiful bouquet for your entryway. Let the kids stay up extra late.

3. Try Something New: Whether you’ve invited friends for appetizers or extended family for a long holiday weekend, being a host is stressful and usually involves a lot of moving parts, so this is not the day to attempt a maiden voyage. Don’t try making pulled pork for the first time when you have 12 dinner guests to feed. Don’t plan a movie screening with a projector you purchased three hours earlier.

4. Underserve: There’s no quicker way to kill the mood of a get-together than running out. Stock your bar with more wine than you think you need (reference this handy guide to figure out how much). Order an extra pizza for your kids’ pizza party. Make sure there’s enough toilet paper in your vanity to get you through the winter. (Oh, and speaking of your vanity, put a plunger in every bathroom.)

5. Apologize: Things may not have gone as perfectly as you envisioned when you were first inspired by Pinterest to host that celestial-themed brunch of yours, but you are a spectacular host—just for trying. Own it. If you apologize that the chicken is a little dry or the mattress is too firm, you’re drawing attention to something that may have otherwise gone unnoticed. Also, profusely apologizing can appear as if you’re just fishing for compliments𠅊nd no one wants that. Think happy thoughts. Speak happy thoughts. Set a good mood.

6. Do Everything: Attempting to do it all is never a good thing. First of all, it’s rarely possible, so something usually falls through the cracks when you attempt. Secondly, guests like to help, whether that means picking up ice on the way to your party, bringing dessert, or loading dishes into the dishwasher. It makes them feel useful and also at home. Letting your guests help here and there can also give you some great bonding time, as dinner hosts often get stuck in the kitchen.

If you𠆝 rather not involve your guests in the dirty work, at least let yourself take a load off by picking up a store-bought cake or get your better half to help here and there.

7. Write Thank You Notes: Guests should thank their hosts—that’s what hostess gifts are for. It’s appropriate for guests to write thank-you notes if they feel so inspired, but not the other way around. Send off a quick email to tell guests how much you enjoyed seeing them if you wish, but unless you were given something more substantial than a bottle of wine, don’t send a thank-you note for a thank-you gift.

8. Leave Clean Up &aposTil The Next Day: No one’s asking you to mop the hardwood floors at midnight, but at the very least, wash your dishes or pop them in the dishwasher at the end of the night. Entertaining is wonderful, but it will become a major turn-off if you find yourself waking up with a headache to a living room full of half-empty wine glasses the next day. Ask your guests to pitch in at the end of the night, and you’ll be surprised how quickly it all gets done. On the same note, if you’ve hosted friends or family for several days, politely ask them to strip the beds before they leave. Every little bit helps and putting it off will only make you resent entertaining.

9. Pry: If a guest needs to take an important phone call in the middle of dinner, arrives late to your event, or sleeps in unusually late, don’t pry as to why. People need space and privacy, especially when they’re not in the comfort of their own homes. Odds are they’ll open up if you make them feel like they have nothing to worry about.

10. Play Cupid: I’m all for inviting two single people to a party or weekend getaway whom you think might hit it off. But leave it at that. Don’t repeatedly ask people to sit together or say things like, “Oh, you like football? Jane once saw the movie The Blind Side!” If there’s going to be chemistry, it will happen naturally… and we all want to feel like there’s some serendipity in the world, don’t we?

11. Be Rigid: Life is unpredictable, and the only thing you can bet on is that things won’t go as planned. So be flexible. If your cousin brings her new boyfriend to your house for the weekend without warning, add another seat at the table and show him where the pull-out sofa is. If you planned to go for a walk in the morning, but your guests want to sleep in, let it be.

12. Forget to Unwind: As much as entertaining is about pleasing your guests, it’s also about enjoying yourself. Take your shoes off at the table. Put food on the grill a little later so you have time to take a dip in the pool. Pour another glass of wine, even though you know you won’t finish it. Enjoy the moment and your friends. You are lucky to have them.

4. How to remove red wine stains from walls and wallpaper

The important thing about removing red wine stains from walls and wallpaper is to ensure you don't over-soak them or scrub hard at them: both will cause further damage.

Instead, dab, using a (ideally) natural sponge that's lightly dampened with a solution of warm water and a dash of washing up liquid. Allow to dry and repeat. Give the wall a final gentle dab with a clean sponge and clean cold water. Allow to dry.

What not to do: Try the above before you've done a patch test on an area of wall usually hidden behind a piece of furniture.

The Wine Lover's Guide to Hosting

Whether it’s a grand gala, a dinner party or an intimate wine tasting, here are the best tips, tricks and pro secrets to help you host envy-inducing soirées.

Mike DeSimone and Jeff Jenssen

Hosting a wine-tasting party is an affordable and fun way to share your love of the stuff. But despite its low head count, this get-together has a lot of moving parts. Here’s how to pull yours off like a pro.

Number of guests: 2-22
The Vibe: Come as you are intimate a fun way to catch up with friends

The Tips

Make it Personal
Taste wines from wineries and vineyards you’ve visited so you can provide a story. It’ll add depth and color to the tasting.

Double Up
Aim to taste up to five or six bottles, but get at least two of each so after the formal tasting, guests can drink the ones they liked best.

Go Pro
If your wine smarts are still developing, hire someone to lead the tasting. Start at your favorite wine shop. The young clerks there are often studying for advanced wine certifcations, are passionate and don’t make a ton of money, so it’s win-win.

Set The Stage
Round tables turn the conversation inward, taking the focus off the wine. Instead, guests should all face you.

Stay Glassy
Your tasters only need one glass each: A stemmed white-wine glass.

Create A Crib Sheet
List the name, origin and vintage of each pour, with room enough for notes, if they wish.

Preserve Palates
Before tasting: clean and wake up your palate like a sommelier with a swish of cooled Chablis. During the tasting: offer water and neutral-tasting crackers or bread. Serve the flavorful fare after the tasting when you can actually drink.

Pour Small
One or two ounces is all you need to taste and judge a wine.

Know Your Stuff
If you don’t know what the heck you’re pouring, you lose credibility and your party will fast become be an “uh”-filled dud. Spend 15 minutes researching the varieties, the region and the producer. Start here:

Don’t Drink It All
It’s a party, so it’s O.K. to drink a few tasting samples. To avoid a drunkfest, remind people imbibing can dull the nose and palate. Provide a spit bucket or cups—and lead by example.

Play Price Is Right
Dollar signs will skew everyone’s perception of a wine, so don’t reveal the price until everyone ventures a guess.

Five Secrets From a Wine Director

Rajat Parr, Wine director of the California-based Mina Group on how he’d run your tasting.

1. I’d group your wines either by region or grape variety.

2. If by region, I’d highlight how varied wines can be within a single area, but also ask if people can find a common thread in the terroir.

3. If by variety, it’s fun to see how the same grape can taste drastically different, which can lead to a discussion on how important climate and local styles are to winemaking.

4. For a regional tasting, I’d pour different Gamays from Beaujolais, including a few Beaujolais Crus. They’re good, complex value wines, with soft tannins that won’t dry out your mouth.

5. For a varietal tasting, I’d go with Pinot Noir—one of the world’s most diverse grapes. Although it originated in Burgundy, France, excellent versions are produced all over the world, especially in California, Oregon, Germany and New Zealand.

The Tasting Cheat Sheet

+ There are five basic steps for tasting: See, Swirl, Smell, Sip and Savor. Pros add a 6th “S”: Spit.
+ A balanced wine is a pleasing combination of flavors, tannins, acidity, alcohol and sugar.
+ Acid causes your mouth to water, like you just sucked on a lemon slice.
+ Tannins coat and dry your mouth, starting with your tongue and gums.
+ The higher the alcohol, the more you’ll sense pepper-like heat on the back of the tongue and throat.
+ Sugar shows mostly on the tip of the tongue.

Serving delicious food is important, but your sit-down feast is about the vino. And it should be. Here’s your manual on how to wine and dine your guests in style.

Number of guests: 20-50
The Vibe: Smart casual a true feast A chance to share top-shelf wines with friends

The Tips

Table It
If you need more than one table, rent them with matching chairs. It’s cheap and party suppliers often offer same-day delivery.

Less Is More
Serve several small courses—about five or six. It creates a leisurely pace and allows more opportunities for exploring wine pairings.

Chart Your Courses
Typically, you should allow 30 minutes for arrivals and apéritifs, 30 minutes per course for pouring, serving, eating and clearing the table.

Keep It Simple
White or solid-colored dishes, clear stemware, light-colored tablecloths, short candles and uncomplicated flatware will keep the focus on your centerpieces, what’s on the plate and, most importantly, what’s in the glass.

Run Hot & Cold
Alternate between hot and cold dishes so you’re not stuck in the kitchen for long periods between courses.

Rack It
Create kitchen space for your courses by stacking baking racks in the refrigerator to shelve pre-plated cold dishes, like gazpacho shots, sashimi or salads.

Break It Up
You and your cohost need to sit at separate tables. Nobody wants to feel like they’re relegated to the kiddie dinner party. If solo, change tables every few courses .

Split the Chores
The No. 1 tip for a smooth, stress-free dinner: One host handles the wine, the other makes sure plates are cleared and the food finds its way to each table. Decide who does what and stick to it.

Go Big
The better the pours, the more fun your feast. Period. So, go ahead and splurge on great bottles and pull a few gems from the cellar. Do it.

Play Somm
When pouring, have the label face the guest, and say a few words about the wine and why it’s going to pair perfectly.

Five Secrets From a Sommelier

Carrie Lynn Strong, wine director at Aureole in New York City, shares her insider tips on how—and what—to pour at a dinner party.

1. I’d start with lighter dishes and lighter wines. Both should get stronger in weight, body and flavor as the meal progresses.

2. To kick things off right, break open an impressive Champagne, like a Delamotte Blanc de Blancs Brut Champagne from 2004. It’s food friendly, has a beautiful freshness, with apple and floral flavors, and just the right amount of toasty notes.

3. For elegant and surprising still whites, I think about Italy. One of my favorites is Gaja’s Ca’ Marcanda Vistamare from Tuscany, a blend of Vermentino and Viognier that has a delightful floral quality but isn’t overwhelming. I also enjoy Bertani’s Le Quaiare Trebbiano from Lugana in northern Italy, which is medium-bodied with good acidity. Either of these will seamlessly transition into heavier fish or game birds, or dishes with cream sauce.

4. My go-to for lighter chicken, pork or veal dishes is New Zealand Pinot Noir, especially from producers like Felton Road or Mt. Difficulty. They’re a bit pricey, but worth it for a nice dinner. They’re rich in the mouth, with nice touches of brightness, so they won’t overpower the food.

5. Sideways had it backwards. For beef or lamb, open Merlot from California or Washington State. The bright fruit flavors and silky, soft tannins will complement, not mask the food. Bottles from 2009 and 2010 are drinking well now, and I have some ’05s and ’06s that are beautiful. From California, I like Provenance, Hill Family Estate and Pride. From Washington, I really love Pedestal and Leonetti Cellar.

Young's Demonstrative Translation of Scientific Secrets (1861)
Buckeye Cookery and Practical Housekeeping (1877)
The Perry Home Cook Book (1920)
The White House Cook Book (1913)
Mom's Recipe Scrapbooks (c. 1920s)

Try Grandma's Old Fashioned Kitchen Cleaning Tips
(Source: Magazine Illustration circa 1930s)

To Ventilate a Room

Place a pitcher of cold water on a table in your room and it will absorb all the gasses with which the room is filled from the respiration of those eating or sleeping in the room.

Very few realize how important such purification is for the health of the family, or, indeed, understand or realize that there can be any impurity in the rooms yet in a few hours a pitcher or pail of cold water — the colder the more effective — will make the air of a room pure, but the water will be entirely unfit for use.

To Remove Odors from Ice Box, Cupboard or Pantry

Fill a dish with boiling water and drop in a piece of charcoal.

To Remove Onion Odor

To remove the odor of onions from saucepans in which they have been cooked, put in baking soda, fill with water, and let it stand on the stove until it boils then wash in hot suds, and rinse well.

To Remove Bad Smells

Articles of clothing, or of any other character, which have become impregnated with bad-smelling substances, will be freed from them by burying for a day or two in the ground. Wrap up lightly before burying.

To Wash Glassware

Use a little household ammonia in dishwater when washing glassware it will make it sparkle like cut glass.

Tumblers which Have Contained Milk

Should be first rinsed in cold water before washing in hot water.

Stain on Spoons from Boiled Egg

Remove stain by rubbing with a little salt.

To Cleanse a Sponge

Rub a fresh lemon thoroughly into soured sponge and rinse it several times in lukewarm water it will become as sweet as when new.

To Clean a Papered Wall

Cut into eight pieces a large loaf of bread two days old, blow dust off wall, rub down with a piece of the bread in half-yard strokes, beginning at the top of room, until upper part is cleaned, then go round again, repeating until all has been gone over.

If done correctly, so that every spot is touched, the paper will look almost new. Dry corn meal may be used in place of bread, applying it with a cloth.

Wallpaper Cleaner Recipe

1 quart flour, 1-1/2 tablespoons powdered alum mixed dry, add cold water, let cook ten minutes, work on board, add a little flour if necessary. It should be like rubber. Take small bits and rub over paper surface.

Busy Cleaning the Kitchen
(Source: Magazine Illustration circa 1912)

To Clean Looking Glasses and Windows

This old fashioned kitchen cleaning tip works even better when a tiny amount of white vinegar is added to the water.

Divide a newspaper in two, fold up one half in a small square, wet it in cold water. Rub the glass first with the wet half of the paper, and dry it with the other. Using this simple window cleaning tip, fly specks and all other marks will disappear as if by magic.

To Remove Varnish from Glass

To remove varnish from glass use baking soda.

To Clean Plate Glass and Mirrors

A soft cloth wet in alcohol, is excellent to wipe off plate glass and mirrors, and prevents their becoming frosty in winter.

To Clean Hearths

Soapstone or sandstone hearths are cleaned by washing in pure water, then sprinkling with powdered marble or soapstone, and rubbing with a piece of the stone as large as a brick, and having at least one flat surface.

The Care of Marble

Never wash the unsealed marble tops of wash stands, bureaus, etc., with soap. Use clean warm water (if very much soiled add a little ammonia) and a soft cloth drying immediately with a soft towel. There is nothing that will entirely remove grease spots from marble, hence, the necessity of avoiding them.

To clean marble or marbleized slate mantles, use a soft sponge or chamois skin, dampened in clean warm water without soap, then polish with dry chamois skin. In dusting, use a feather duster, and never a cloth, as it is likely to scratch the polished surface.

Slate Hearths

Are preferable to marble, as they are not so easily soiled. To wash them, use a clean cloth and warm water. Many oil them thoroughly when new with linseed oil thus prepared they never show grease spots.

To Store Brooms

Hang in the cellar way to keep soft and pliant.

To Preserve Brooms

Dip them for a minute or two in a pot of boiling suds once a week and they will last much longer, making them tough and pliable. A carpet wears much longer swept with a broom cared for in this manner.

To Clean a Copper Kettle

Keep an old dish with sour milk and a cloth in it, wash the kettle with this, afterward washing off with clear water, and it will look bright and new. Instead of sour milk, you could try using buttermilk.

To Clean Brass Kettles

When much discolored, put in a half pint of vinegar and a handful of salt, put on stove, let come to a boil, take cloth, wash thoroughly, and rinse out with water. If using every day, the salt and vinegar and rinsing are sufficient.

To Prevent Rust on Knives

Steel knives which are not in general use may be kept from rusting if they are dipped in a strong solution of soda: one part water to four of soda then wipe dry, roll in a flannel and keep in a dry place.

To Clean Stained Knives

Cut a good-sized, solid, raw potato in two dip the flat surface in powdered brick dust, and rub the knife blades. Stains and rust will disappear. Or rub up and down in the ground.

A Model Kitchen Is Everyone's Dream
(Source: Magazine Illustration circa 1930s)

To Clean Wooden Furniture

An old cabinet maker says the best preparation for cleaning picture frames and restoring furniture, especially that somewhat marred or scratched, is a mixture of three parts linseed oil and one part spirits of turpentine.

It not only covers the disfigured surface, but restores the wood to its natural color, and leaves a luster upon its surface. Put on with a woolen cloth, and when dry, rub with woolen.

To Take White Spots from Varnished Furniture

Hold a hot stove lid or iron over them without touching, and they will soon disappear.

To Remove Bruises on Furniture

Wet the part in warm water double a piece of brown paper five or six times, soak in warm water, and lay it on the place apply on that a warm, but not hot, flat iron till the moisture is evaporated.

If the bruise is not gone repeat the process. After two or three applications, the dent will be raised to the surface.

If the bruise be small, merely soak it with warm water, and hold a red-hot iron near the surface keeping the surface continually wet the bruise will soon disappear.

To Wash Oil Cloth or Linoleum

Sweet milk added to the water with which oil cloth or linoleum is washed will make it luster like new. To clean oil cloth, rub with sweet milk.

Cleaning Oil Cloths

A dingy oil cloth may be brightened by washing it in clear water with a little borax dissolved in it wipe it with a flannel cloth that you have dipped into milk and then wring as dry as possible.

To Remove Grease Spots from Carpets

Cover spots with fine flour and then pin a thick paper over repeat the process several times, each time brushing off the old flour into a dustpan and putting on fresh.

To Brighten Carpets

This old fashioned kitchen cleaning tip for cleaning carpets can save you money. It works well when using a vacuum cleaner, and it saves you from having to buy the costly carpet brightening powders.

Carpets after the dust has been beaten out may be brightened by lightly scattering upon them corn meal mixed with salt and then sweeping it off. Mix salt and meal in equal proportions.

To Prevent Carpet Stains from Soot

Salt thrown on soot which has fallen on the carpet will prevent stains.

To Remove Stains from Hands

This old fashioned kitchen cleaning tip really works, and the lemon juice is safe to use on the hands.

If the hands are stained there is nothing that will remove the stains as well as lemon. Cut a lemon in halves and apply the cut surface as if it were soap.

To Clean Ink Stains from Fingers

Rub ink spots with a match, then wash in soap.

To Remove Tea Stains from China

Salt and vinegar will remove tea stains from china.

To Prevent Greasy Dishwater

Add a tablespoon of ammonia to a basin of dishwater and it will not become greasy.

To Clean Unvarnished Black Walnut

Milk, sour or sweet, well rubbed in with an old, soft flannel, will make black walnut look new.

A Good Way to Clean Mica in Stove Doors

To clean mica in a wood stove that has become blackened with smoke, carefully take it out, and thoroughly wash it with vinegar. If the black does not come off at once, let it soak a little.

To Clean Cut Glass

Gently scrub with a small brush and soapy water containing a little ammonia.

To Clean Ivory Ornaments

When ivory ornaments become yellow or dusky, wash them well in soap and water with a small soft brush, to clean the carvings, and then place them, while wet, in the sunshine.

Wet them with soapy water for two or three days, several times a day, still keeping them in the sunshine, then wash them again, and they will be perfectly white.

To Dust Furniture

Warm dusters make the polishing of furniture so much easier, and a more brilliant polish is acquired.

To Clean Dishes

Any dish that seems to require soaking until the next meal washes easily if placed upside down in a pan of hot water and steamed a few minutes. Steaming cleans dishes much quicker than soaking.

Vintage Housewife Cleaning Dishes in the Sink
(Source: ©everett225/

To Clean Copper or Brassware

Make a simple paste using flour, salt, and vinegar. Simply brush it on, let it sit for a while, then rinse it off with clear water. You can also use ordinary tomato catsup. It may require more than one application if the tarnish is severe.

To Clean Wine Decanters

Cut some brown paper into very small bits, so as to go with ease into the decanters then cut a few pieces of soap very small, and put some water, milk-warm, into the decanters, upon the soap and paper put in also a little baking soda. By well working this about in the decanters it will take off the crust of the wine and give the glass a fine polish.

To Clean Badly Burned Pot

Half fill with cold water, then cook in it one whole onion unpeeled until soft.

To Store Silver Tea and Coffee Pot

When putting away those not in use every day, lay a little stick across the top under the cover or lid. This will allow fresh air to get in and prevent the mustiness of the contents, familiar to hotel and boardinghouse sufferers.

Homemade Silver Cleaning Recipe

Heed this old fashioned kitchen cleaning tip: Never allow suds or a particle of soap to touch old fashioned silver or plated ware!

To clean silverware easily, save water in which potatoes have been boiled with a little salt and let it become sour, which it will do in a few days heat and wash the articles with a damp woolen cloth, rinsing in pure water, dry and polish with chamois leather.

To Remove Egg Stain from Silver

Salt will remove the stain from silver caused by eggs, when applied dry with a soft cloth.

To Store Silverware

When set away in a drawer or chest, silver keeps best wrapped in dark-blue tissue paper.

Homemade Silver Polishing Cloth for Wiping Silverware

An old linen tablecloth cut up in pieces of convenient size, hemmed, and marked "Silver," is very handy.

Use the old fashioned kitchen cleaning tips with caution and common sense, and always AT YOUR OWN RISK. There is no guarantee that these tips will work on today's synthetic materials, and some methods might actually ruin them.

About the Old Fashioned Kitchen Cleaning Tips

The Domestic Vacuum Cleaner
(Source: Vintage Magazine circa 1912)

There's old fashioned kitchen cleaning tips for cleaning items such as floors, wool carpets, mirrors, and marble fireplaces. There's even some old time silver cleaning tips. That's because cleaning and polishing silver plate was — and is — always a chore that takes time and much effort. It's never fun.

I can remember helping Mom to polish her silver tea set whenever she needed it for a special occasion. It seemed to take hours and eventually tiring of it, she wrapped her silverware in blue tissue paper (see the silver storing tip above) and packed it away in an old wooden storage trunk.

Much later, my wife inherited her silverware and it's stored unused, and still wrapped and protected in that old blue paper!

However, if you enjoy using your silver plate, one of these old fashioned kitchen cleaning tips might make the polishing chore a little easier. Anyway, it's worth a try. Desserts do look spectacular when served on a shiny silver tray.

Browse through this collection of old fashioned kitchen cleaning tips for ideas on how to clean windows, how to brighten carpets, how to remove odors, or how to clean old fashioned items.

Enjoy reading and experimenting. You might discover the solution you've been looking for. Myself, I love the old fashioned kitchen cleaning tips below.

Factors To Take Into Consideration Before Purchasing the Best Wine Making Kit

There are tons and tons of wine making kits available not at local wine stores, but also online. Some of them may do a great job and serve their purpose marvelously, whereas some may just fail to live up to your expectations, leaving you disappointed in the end.

Now, we understand that choosing one kit out of so many available options is an unnerving task and can prove to be rather stressful. To make your job easier, we have compiled a list of factors you must take into consideration before purchasing the best winemaking kit. So, kick back, relax, and read on to make the perfect choice.

1. Your Expectations

The first thing to take into consideration before buying the best winemaking kit is determining what exactly you desire out of the wine you wish to produce. This depends on the fruit you choose for it. Even if you don’t have a certain grape varietal in mind, take into account the style, characteristics, richness, roundedness, texture, and palates that you wish for your first batch of wine to comprise of.

Considering what type of wine you usually enjoy is another easy way to choose the best wine making kit that works perfectly for you. However, bear in mind that a chief factor to never forget while buying a new product is starting small and simple. Do not, by any means, go overboard and splurge on products that are too complicated for your beginner-level expertise.

2. Types Of Wine Making Kits

Before taking your pick, understand and research more about the types of wine making kits available in the market today.

There are four types that very widely used – a mix of concentrated and unfiltered grape juice, entirely pure grape juice (which require no water whatsoever), partially concentrated grape juice and entirely concentrated grape juice. The latter two will require you to ass water in order to make a regular 5 to 6 gallons of wine enough to fill 19 to 23 litre bottles.

We don’t mean to get too technical about the procedure, but the juice that is mentioned above refers to the fluid extracted from the grapefruit, whereas the concentrate is mainly just grape juice with the removal of a certain amount of water.

Each one of these kits should be delivered to you with all the ingredients required to make the wine. Apart from the juice, other extra nutrients, yeast, acids, and tannins should be included as well. Nonetheless, the equipment to produce the beverage, along with the wine bottles and corks, will be an expense that you will have to bear separately.

3. Your Taste Buds

All the types of winemaking kits mentioned above differ in taste, style, and the amount of time required to make the wine. Ask yourself what your preferred type of wine is, what do you enjoy the most. Is it dark reds that you fancy? The rich, full-bodied ones? Dessert wines, perhaps?

No matter what pleases your palate, make sure you take your taste buds into consideration before choosing one. After all, you will be producing many gallons of wine with every batch. We’re sure you don’t want to be stuck with gallons of wine that doesn’t bode well with your taste buds.

This may seem quite obvious however, many people forget this very important factor. It is important to bear in mind the style of wine you enjoy the most since you will be drinking many glasses of post-production.

Winemaking kits are available for all chief wine styles, from full-bodied reds and whites to fruit wines and port-styles to rosés and desserts there are many options for you to choose from.

Do thorough research ahead of time because we all know that not all Chardonnays have the same taste, much like not all apples are juicy and red. If you know for sure what you prefer, make sure you read the product descriptions carefully to have a rough idea about the outcome of the kit.

4. Time Required To Make The Wines

It is very important to take into account the amount of time that will be required for your wines to be made and aged, thus being fully ready to be poured into a glass. Many winemaking kits available out there need 4, 6 or 8 weeks to prepare the wine and then the aging of the same relies on the style and persistence of the wine producer.

Bear in mind that some wine making kits profit significantly when aged for extended periods of time, anywhere from around 5 months for white wines to 12-18 months or probably more for red wines.

Take into account whether you need to have your wines ready for a party on a particular date, as well as the amount of time you are willing to let your first batch of wine age before pouring it into a glass and relishing it.

Each product description will give you a fair idea about the ideal amount of time requires however, the general idea is that greater format kits with larger boxes work much better for aging wines.

On the contrary, smaller format kits help prepare wines at a short notice. The reason for this is that since the box is smaller, the concentrate percentage is higher as compared to juice, and concentrate kits don’t usually need a lot of time to age.

5. Price Point

Last but not least, the price point plays an important role when purchasing the best wine making kits. It is wise to do thorough research, and have a budget in mind before making the splurge. This will help evade the possibility of feeling guilty in case you overspend.

Also, opting for a less expensive wine making kit is a smart decision for beginners. If you have just entered the winemaking world, it’s a great idea to ease your way into your new-fangled interest without the splurging a lot of money.

However, bear in mind that certain wine making kits, within the same brand, are priced exorbitantly for very reasonable reasons. This is because an expensive kit guarantees wine that is much richer and better tasting. Look at the price per bottle instead of the price of the kit, even as you shop at the higher end of the spectrum, you will realise that the cost per wine bottle is still more reasonable than purchasing an analogous bottle from the wine shop.

Once you take your pick, make sure you read and understand the directions to assemble and use the product and whether you have all the equipment parts required before you commence the process. A regular wine making kit will only require a covered fermenter made out of plastic, a long good-grade plastic spoon, measuring tools, a glass carboy, an airlock and bung, a hydrometer and siphon hoses.

Regardless of whether you’re planning on making reds, whites, desserts, rosés or any other varietal, wine making kits are bound to make the process a lot easier. Even when you know what to look for while purchasing a kit, you are still left with so many options to choose from.

Well, here we are making your job even easier. We know that while many kits help to produce a great batch of wine, but many miserably fail at serving the purpose as well. So, we did all the research we possibly could for you so you don’t have to rack your brain while making the purchase. So, here we have for you our top 10 best wine making kits as per 2021.

You no longer have to be nervous about making a choice. Just pick one from the list below and have fun fermenting and producing your favourite wines at home!

5 Tips for Cleaning Glass Without Streaks

Although not as cringe-worthy as other household chores, like scrubbing down the old toilet bowl, window cleaning is nonetheless tedious and repetitive. The task takes on a new level of annoyance when all that careful spraying and wiping results in a mess of streaks. To add insult to injury, they often reveal themselves only when they catch the light just so, a phenomenon that almost always occurs when company is over.

Fortunately, it doesn't have to be that way! Much like other cleaning chores, taking care of glass, whether it's a window or a mirror or a coffee table, is more about the tools than the actual elbow grease involved. With the right stuff in your bucket, you can get your glass streak-free and crystal-clear in no time. So check out the next page to start our simple list of five tips that'll surely have your glass surfaces sparkling with little effort or expense. It's isn't rocket science, either – the first tip has largely to do with something that should be common sense, but often isn't! Keep reading to find out.

Although it might all look the same to the untrained eye, the truth is that the quality of the water which flows from your tap can vary wildly from place to place. This isn't such a big deal if you're cleaning countertops or flooring, but since glass shows every little imperfection it will be very apparent if any impurities are involved in the process. Since many people dilute glass cleaner with water this can have a major impact on how your glass surfaces look after a good cleaning. Hard water, in particular has a higher concentration of dissolved minerals such as magnesium and calcium, which will almost definitely result in an unsightly, streaky mess when combined with your cleaner.

Instead of diluting glass cleaner using water from the tap, consider using distilled water. It doesn't have all the minerals in it that can be present in tap water, so it won't leave behind any streaky deposits on your bathroom mirror. Unless you need very large quantities, distilled water is relatively inexpensive and easy enough to purchase from the local grocery store. If you're really pinching pennies you can actually whip up a batch from the comfort of your own home!

Vinegar is one of those all-purpose ingredients that's tough to live without, and is a staple in most pantries. Indeed, it's as great on a salad as it in on your mirror, and best of all it costs practically nothing! It's also all-natural, which is a serious selling point to people who want to clean green. The best type of vinegar for cleaning purposes is distilled white vinegar. It's non-toxic, antibacterical and its acidic content is completely safe for skin, pets, children and living things in general.

So, whether you're out of your usual glass cleaner or you're just looking for a cheaper option, white vinegar can work wonders on your windows and mirrors. Mix it up with warm water (again, soft or distilled H20 for best results) at a 50/50 ratio. Load into a reusable spray bottle and then just spritz and wipe as you would any other cleaner. Another glass-cleaning recipe calls for 1 cup (236 milliliters) of water mixed with 1 cup of rubbing alcohol and 1 tablespoon of vinegar (rubbing alcohol also prevents glass streaks) [source: Aguirre].

Similar to standard cleaners, vinegar water comes with its own aroma. The smell will stick around for a bit, but will fade quickly. However, if you gag at the scent of vinegar, you might save this particular brand of streak-free cleaner for use on outdoor glass.

Soap is king if you're looking to work up a nice lather. However, when used incorrectly, suds will only leave glass surfaces covered in ugly streaks. If the task at hand truly necessitates a deep clean, be sparing with the amount of soap you add to the solution. A little bit goes a long way!

It doesn't take much soap to get rid of that dirt, and using too much will result in an overly dense cleaner that can leave a streaky residue on the glass. To concoct your very own batch, simply mix up 2 quarts (1.9 liters) of water with 2 quarts of rubbing alcohol. Then add three (that's right – only three) drops of liquid dishwashing soap to the mixture [source: Mrs. Clean].

If you're not against chemicals you can substitute sudsy ammonia which is already mixed with the right ratio of soap. In that case, mix 1 ounce (29 milliliters) of soapy ammonia, 4 ounces of rubbing alcohol and 3.3 cups (780 milliliters) of water [source: Cleverly Simple].

Do some experimenting to find the right formula that works for you. As with any homemade glass cleaner, pour your mixture into a spray bottle, label it, and keep it away from children.

You'll learn to cook and eat healthy food. More important, you'll feel awesome.

1) Every meal and snack is homemade if you don't know how to cook this challenge will teach you how. If you follow the scheduled prep, the making of meals is easy — and there are step-by-step photos for each day. The plan is low-carb and gluten-free with an emphasis on lean protein and fresh produce. There's no processed food allowed.

2) Each recipe is calculated for one person, as is the grocery list. Every day, you'll eat three meals and two snacks (one snack after lunch, one after dinner) for a daily total of 1,300–1,600 calories.

3) It's important that you follow the meal plan in order since most of the recipes call for leftover ingredients from previous days.

4) You can start the challenge on any Saturday. Day One of the challenge is actually Sunday, but there is some prep (like grocery shopping) to do Saturday.

5) There are two really helpful weekly calendars that you can print or bookmark online. It will help by giving you an overview of all your meals, prep work for the next day, and what uses leftovers. Print the Week 1 calendar here and the Week 2 calendar here.

6) All of the weekday lunches and snacks are portable so you can take them to work, to class, or wherever you need to go. There are instructions with each of the lunches and snacks on how to pack them to go. If you're packing lunches to go and eating at work, you might want to keep salt, pepper, and a paring knife at the office just in case, but our schedule has you prep everything at home beforehand.

7) You'll go grocery shopping twice: once on Saturday, the day before you start Week One of the challenge, and again the following Saturday before Week Two begins. The grocery lists are a separate PDF file that you can print here.

We calculated (using that the total cost of groceries for two weeks will be about $350, about $25 per day, $7 per meal and $2 per snack. This cost will vary based on where you shop and if you prioritize things like organic vegetables and cage-free eggs. The second shopping trip is lighter than the first since you'll already have all the pantry stuff you need. We tried to be as cost conscious as possible by not calling for many varieties of the more costly ingredients like herbs and nuts while still keeping things delicious — but you can still easily cut costs by skipping herbs, buying frozen proteins, etc. Our grocery list also provides substitutions for some of the costly ingredients — like instead of buying dried figs you can buy raisins.

8) You'll freeze some of your meat and fish since you're buying everything at the beginning of the week, which means we'll tell you exactly when to thaw the proteins, so make sure you stay on top of that! Nothing's worse than getting excited about salmon for dinner and coming home to a block of frozen fish. If you don't want to freeze your proteins, you can buy them the day you're scheduled to use them and put them right in the fridge if you have time for additional trips to the grocery store — that's up to you.

9) Protein amounts are different for men and women. Every serving of protein is 4 ounces for women and 8 ounces for men, and servings of nuts are also doubled for men. This is noted in every relevant recipe, so you'll get a heads-up every time. But all the calorie counts and nutrition breakdowns are calculated based on women's serving sizes.

10) You need to drink about six glasses of water per day. The specific amount is 60 ounces (7½ cups) of water per day, but there's no need to obsessively measure just know that most water glasses hold about 10 ounces, so six of those will get you to your goal.

11) Salt amounts matter and they are specified in the recipes.
Be sure to follow them to get the full results of the detox!

12) Aim to eat every three to four hours, and try not to eat within two hours of bedtime.

13) No coffee and no booze. Yes, you read that right. If you can't go two weeks without caffeine, you can drink up to 24 ounces (3 cups) of green tea per day. Alcohol is not allowed on the challenge. But we understand that even if we say that, some of you will cheat. So if you decide to break this rule, limit yourself to two glasses of wine, maximum, over the course of the two weeks.


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